14 Words with Crazy Origins that You Would Never Have Guessed

English has been around since the Middle Ages and it is an incredibly popular language, but it has a habit of picking up words and phrases from various other languages around the world. This leads to a plethora of crazy origins for some words. Some of the words will raise an eyebrow regarding their origin.

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Quiz

This word is immensely attractive in the eyes of scholars or academicians, but it has its origins in Dublin. As part of a bet, a theatre owner from Dublin had to find a new English word every day. On one such a day, he came up with the word ‘quiz’ and it was seen as a test by people in Dublin. It soon became incorporated into the language.

Dunce

This derogatory word came into existence during the 13th century. It was introduced as a means to honor Scotus, who was a popular theologian and philosopher, and his followers. However, it soon became an expression of academic ineptitude because of the Renaissance discrediting the ideas of Duns. Soon, this word became an expression for outdated ideas.

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Nightmare

Initially, this word was used to denote a female horse but it became associated with the ‘mare’ part due to German influences. In German, mare is used to refer to an evil spirit that can lead to bad dreams. More than just causing bad sleep, German folklore also believed that mare was responsible for riding throughout the night and causing exhaustion in the following day. This quickly transformed itself into the words nightmare in English.

Berserk

This word is used to denote a frenzied nature and they are symbolic of the former Norse warriors. Hence, the widespread consensus is that the ‘berserk’ word is associated with Norse words like ‘bjorn’ and ‘serkr’. They would translate into ‘bear’ and ‘coat’ respectively. It is also likely that the world could come from ‘berr,’ which is used to refer a soldier without armor.

Sandwich

A favourite lunchtime snack, sandwich got its name from John Montagu, who was the fourth goal of the sandwich. The idea of sandwiching beef between bread was thrown upon by this aristocrat during the 18th century. This quickly became his favorite meal –, especially while playing cards. Soon, the idea caught up on Montagu’s friends and it was eventually named after his title. Since it is a convenience food, it has been able to catch up on in different parts of the globe.

Quarantine

This word has its origins to the 14th century when the plague wiped out a huge part of Europe. A venetian dialect – “quaranta giorni," which roughly meant 40 days – was responsible for identifying the isolation enforced in Europe during the league.

Malaria

Malaria is believed to have originated in Rome, as medieval words in this region of Italy were used to denote ‘bad air’. They came up from the words ‘mal’ and ‘aria’ in this part of the country.

Groggy

This is used to denote a situation where a person is lethargic and sluggish. It has its roots in the 18th century when a sailor named Admiral Vernon was used to be known as the ‘Old Grog’ because of his clock. His decision to punish his sailors with diluted rum soon led to its current name of groggy.

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Hazard

An Arabic word, ‘Al-Zahr,’ is used to denote the dice in some gambling games. Since there was a danger of losing money from gambling, this word became synonymous while denoting a dangerous element.

Clue

Greek mythology is responsible for throwing ‘clue’ into modern English. It is derived from ‘clew’ which is a yarn ball. This ball was given to Theseus in order to help in getting out of Minotaur’s labyrinth.

Genuine

The Latin word genuinus has given rise to genius. Unsurprisingly, this is a combination of two words – genu and knee. The Roman custom is all about placing the newborn child on the knee of a father in order to acknowledge the child’s paternity.

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Ketchup

China is believed to have been a source of ketchup as early as in the 17th century. It started rising popularity around the world during the 18th century when Malaysia and Singapore had the first taste. Back then, it was known as the ‘kecap’ as it was a different way of pronouncing ‘kay-chap’.

Ostracise

This is a form of democracy that came about back in ancient Greece. Citizens were able to exercise their rights by working on several aspects of the government. Most citizens were in favour of the elections, which even allowed banishing of a certain individual. The ‘ostrakon’ came about and has led to ostracise.

Palace

This is once again an English word that has come about in Italy. The Seven Hills is a famous destination in Rome where the Emperor lived on a humongous home. The location of this home was on Palatine and it was used to refer the home rather than the hill. The word ‘palais’ in French is only used to denote a sprawling home and the fusion of these two ideas has led to ‘palace’ being used to refer the palatial homes, which are almost like palaces.

How People Express Their Happiness in 10 Different Cultures

How People Express Their Happiness in 10 Different Cultures How People Express Their Happiness in 10 Different Cultures

Happiness is an emotion that all people want to feel in their everyday lives and in many cases, a person’s culture can play an important part in how they express it. Celebrating a happy moment can vary from country to country and these unique cultural traditions can be quite interesting to experience for any foreigner.

There are many ways to express your happiness depends on where you’re from and each way is individual and unique to the country it comes from. Here are some unique words you can learn in order to express happiness in 10 different languages from all around the world.

1. Sweden – Glädje

The word for happiness in Swedish is probably one of those words which just put a smile on your face no matter what goes on in your everyday life. In Swedish, the word being used to express happiness is actually quite simple. You can easily use it yourself whenever you’re feeling down and remind yourself that you can find some glädje even in the darkest of days. It’s truly not surprising how Sweden is one of the happiest countries in Europe.

2. Serbia – Nazdravlje

Serbian is one of those languages that, along with Swedish have quite a few words which are difficult to pronounce. The word they use the most when they are happy is Nazdravlje, and it translates to “to health". This word is used in many different occasions, but it is always present in celebrations and reminds the Serbs that health and happiness go hand in hand.

3. The Netherlands – Blijdschap

This word is bound to bring you happiness as long as you are able to pronounce it. You will be surprised to know that it is not pronounced as “blinds chap" even though this is probably everyone’s first thought, but actually “bleye shup" and it is here to represent joy and gladness. A country like this, full of work opportunities, less working hours and freedom regarding people’s rights is bound to bring a lot of Blijdschap to its residents.

4. Spain – Felicidad

One of the words that will possibly stick out to many people from the very famous Christmas song Feliz Navidad is this lovely Spanish word for happiness. Spanish-speaking countries are full of unique places to see and with Spain being one of the most beautiful countries in Europe, you can easily figure out why this word is a part of the everyday lives of natives.

5. Italy- Contentezza

Compared to Northern countries like Iceland and Sweden which offer a plethora of difficult-to-pronounce words, Italy is here to offer a word which you will truly enjoy using – Contentezza. Not only will you be able to practice that Italian accent everyone does on the internet, but you will also be able to remind yourself to stay happy in one of the most beautiful languages.

6. Iceland- Hamingja

There are many reasons why this word can bring you happiness, even if you’re not a native speaker. First of all, you might really like ham, and this word might simply remind you of it. Apart from that though, you will be happy to know that this word represents an Icelandic spirit which represents luck. This truly helps you understand why the Icelanders chose to use this word to express their happiness.

7. Greece – Opa

Greece is known all around the world for its celebrations and the warm hospitality of the people. The number one word that expresses happiness is the word Opa. This word can be used in many occasions when dancing traditional dances, clinking glasses, or wishing others well. In any occasion, it plays an important part in the Greek culture and always makes an appearance when plates are being smashed on the dance floor.

8. France – Bonheur

The French certainly always have a way to make everything sound truly beautiful and unique. French is also one of those languages, along with Italian, that everyone tries to imitate and most of the time simply fails. Bonheur is a word that will possibly be pronounced in a much more sensual way that it is supposed to, but it will still make you happy trying to pronounce it.

9. German – Glück

While many people learning German might tell you that Glück stands for luck, a native speaker will let you know that this is a word that can mean anything from happiness to blessedness. In any case, this is a word that plays an important role in the German language, and it’s always present when a happy event takes place.

10. Finland – Onnellisuus

The word for happiness in Finnish is simply one that won’t slip your mind. Not only is it long, but it also has three letters which repeat themselves and everyone knows that this number is a lucky one. Onnellisuus reminds the Finnish to stay happy, and you would be surprised to know that there are truly many books written in Finnish with this word included in their titles.

Happiness can be presented in many ways

Every country from all around the world has a different way in which the natives express their happiness. From traditional annual town festivals to simple gatherings, the people always have ways to show how they’re feeling and share their happiness with the people they care about.

Each word mentioned above is unique to each country and it can teach you a lot about that country’s traditions and beliefs. No matter where you’re from in the world, your country definitely has taught you a special way to express and celebrate a happy event. So, which word do you think of first when a happy moment comes to mind?

Kristin Savage nourishes, sparks and empowers using the magic of a word. She does her voodoo regularly on the Pick Writers blog and occasionally contributes to other educational platforms. Along with pursuing her degree in Creative Writing, Kristin was gaining experience in the publishing industry, with expertise in marketing strategy for publishers and authors.

The Positive Effects of Changing Your Sleep

The Positive Effects of Changing Your Sleep The Positive Effects of Changing Your Sleep

You may not feel any immediate effects of missing out on sleep, but if you are consecutively getting less than 7 hours of sleep each night you are making yourself susceptible to sleep deprivation.

The symptoms of being sleep deprived include far more than just feeling tired. If you consistently skip out on a good night’s rest, you can experience a bad attitude, mood swings, a slowed immune system, trouble concentrating, high blood pressure, and a risk for diabetes and other serious conditions.

Putting your health on the line is no joke. You should be serious about getting your 7-9 hours of high-quality, restorative sleep each night. This will improve your life in more ways than just feeling energized. If you work on fixing your sleep routine and consistently getting healthy rest each night, you’ll start to see a lot of beneficial changes in your life.

You’ll have a better outlook on life

Quality sleep is an incredibly important component in keeping your mental health in order. Whether you realize it or not, going through your days feeling tired gives you a negative attitude. Waking up on the wrong side of the bed makes you groggy, moody, and irritable. In fact, severe sleep deprivation can even lead to feelings of depression and anxiety.

When you start getting better sleep more regularly, you’ll find yourself feeling energized and generally more optimistic. Don’t let your exhaustion drag you down; improve your sleep routine to help boost your overall mood for a more enjoyable life.

You’ll be a better employee

Better sleep = better cognitive function. When you’re well rested, you become more alert and have an easier time concentrating. Sleeping can even help improve your memory. A 2010 Harvard study showed that taking the time to sleep on an issue and dreaming can help you reactivate and reorganize information which improves memory and boosts overall performance.

If you’re looking to be a more productive employee, dedicate time to your ZZZs so your brain has the rest time it needs to function better during the day.

You’ll be in better shape

Some of the explanations for being in worse shape when you lose sleep are obvious. When you’re struggling to get through your day you’ll be more prone to pick up sugary snacks or a venti latte. You’ll also be less enthused to work out and be active, and you may choose fast food over a home-cooked healthy meal for the sake of being on low energy.

However, there’s also some science behind it. Being low on sleep triggers a cortisol spike in your body. This stress hormone sends a signal in your body to conserve energy to fuel you, which means your body clings to fat. Being sleep deprived also makes you “metabolically groggy," slowing down your body’s ability to process insulin, a hormone which converts sugar, starches, and other food into energy. A recent study on this found insulin sensitivity to drop by more than 30% when you’re sleep deprived.

So by managing your late nights, you’ll also be able to manage your diet better.

You’ll look better

When you lose sleep, your skin barrier function slows down. This means if you aren’t sleeping enough, your skin isn’t retaining moisture as well as it would with more than seven hours of sleep. You also lose out on the time needed for healing from sun damage. Lingering sun damage makes you more susceptible to skin cancer and it also increases aging.

Of course, there are other factors that affect your skin quality such as genetics, diet, and skincare routine, but quality sleep will help you keep your skin glowing. It turns out that beauty sleep is the real deal, so don’t skimp out on your sleep.

How to improve your ZZZs

Maybe you’re ready to get more serious about your sleep, but you don’t know where to start. Here are some tips to help you start having more healthy, consistent sleep each night:

  • Develop a routine: Help your body fall into a rhythm by going to bed and waking up at the same time each day. This will make it easier to stick to consistent sleep.
  • Try natural remedies: Using essential oils, a warm bath, a cup of herbal tea, or some nighttime yoga stretches can help relax you for sleep.
  • Re-evaluate your mattress: You should be updating your mattress every 10 years for your best sleep. Know the signs your mattress needs an upgrade.
  • Block out noises: Try a white noise machine to mask background sounds if they are disturbing your sleep.
  • Set up your sleep haven: Your bedroom plays a role in how well you sleep. Optimize your bedroom space for a better night’s rest.

Author bio: Laurie Larson is a freelance writer based in Durham, NC. When she isn’t busy writing, she enjoys spending time in nature and her favorite coffee shops.

How to achieve flawless skin while keeping off complication

flawless skin How to Achieve Flawless Skin While Keeping Off Complication

The subject of skin care has been around for a long time, ever since people started to feel conscious and concerned about their skin and overall appearance. Over the years, skin care routine and products have been introduced to the masses and each one is the one “guaranteed to work". While some products may work for some skin types, while the others don’t, it is always a question as to what is the most effective product, or ways, to achieve flawless skin without the complications.

You will come to learn that the natural ways of skin care will always be the most effective in keeping the skin flawless and healthy. Here are the ways on how to achieve flawless skin.

  1. Drink a lot of water

Drinking water is not only vital for survival, it is also an effective and the most basic skin care ingredient. Water is the best and most natural way to keep your skin hydrated all the time. A well-hydrated skin will allow it to rejuvenate constantly, paving the way to a clean and fresh aura all the time. Hydration can help keep the cells active, and skin cells can renew continuously.

  1. Don’t wear a lot of makeup, let your skin breathe

While makeup is ideal to enhance one’s beauty and facial features, it goes against many skin care rituals that make the skin, especially the facial area, maintain its flawlessness. There are many factors to consider on makeup versus skin care. The most staggering of them is that makeup products, no matter how skin-safe they may be, cover up the pores and does not allow your skin to breathe freely.

  1. Wash your face at morning and night

The face, being the most glorified part of the body, is also the most exposed. Day in and day out, the skin is exposed to many harmful chemicals and pollution that can affect the health and flawlessness of the skin. This is why washing the face in the morning and night time is important. It is recommended that you wash your face only with clean water and avoid using soaps and other skin care products unless necessary or with a doctor’s recommendation.

  1. Use the same skin care product

There are hundreds, possibly thousands, of skin care products out there. All claim to be the best and most effective products for you. While the use of skin care products may sometimes be unavoidable or is recommended by a dermatologist, it is important to remember to use only one type of skin care product at a time. This is until when you are able to select the product that is most effective for your skin.

Every skin type is different and unique, and what may work for others may not work for you. Therefore, it is advisable that you test out products and isolate which one is the most effective, or seek help from a dermatologist because they can recommend the best products for your skin type.

  1. Stay out of the sun

The sun, although always tempting and inviting especially during summer, is harmful to the skin. The UV rays emitted by the sun can cause skin irritations, skin diseases, and even skin cancer. It is plain and simple: as much as you can, stay under a shade and stay out of the sun.

  1. Use steam to open up your pores

Steaming method to open up pores has been a long and effective technique for skin care. Opening up your pores is one way to exfoliate your skin better and clean off dead cells, bacteria and other elements that can potentially damage the skin. Through opening up your pores and cleaning off the dirt, it would allow your skin to rejuvenate and renew skin cells faster.

  1. Ice can help firm up your skin in a pinch

Believe it or not, icing your skin is an effective technique for skin care and firming up your skin. Jasmine Tookes, Victoria’s Secret model, shares that she has been doing this skin care technique and the effectiveness of it shows on her face.

Before going to sleep, use ice water, to wash your face, or you can wrap ice in a cloth and move the cloth against the skin. Ice water can help the blood circulate faster in the skin, which makes the skin more tight and young-looking.

Modern ways of skin care may also be effective but best with a doctor’s guide. With Medicare, you can have regular sessions with dermatologists as part of a package.

The habit of skin care should be done diligently because the skin is sensitive and is the most exposed part of our body. You don’t need to worry about spending much on skin care products, because as sensitive as the skin may be, it can be maintained by an all-natural routine.

Author Bio:

Ryan Varela is the CEO of Boost Health Insurance which provides customized and affordable health care plans for thousands of customers across the United States. Ryan has nearly a decade of experience in the healthcare industry and continues to serve the greater need to educate and deliver access to affordable options to those who need health care the most.

Most Effective Tactics To Embrace Positivity In Every Day Life

Most Effective Tactics To Embrace Positivity In Every Day Life Positivity is one of the most powerful resources available to all of us. This resource is what makes us or breaks us in this life.

A person’s attitude transcends, in either a positive or negative way, every part of his or her life. It is like a “face" we show to others. Whatever we think about and feel about is expressed through our attitude.

The perils of ignoring our attitude and taking care of it are too high. We should regard our attitude as an enormously valuable asset that deserves and demands careful protection.

Cultivating a positive attitude should be our responsibility, as attitude affects EVERY part of our lives. It affects our relationships, physical and mental energy, self-image, work habits, willingness to take risks, ability to deal with stressful situations, a degree of happiness, etc.

The followings are most effective tactics to embrace positivity in everyday life:

1. Visualize yourself as you want to be

You cannot defeat the enemy without knowing him. You might be your own worst enemy.

Unless you consciously create your own positive self-image, you will be the son or daughter of your circumstances.

Why outsource such an important issue to somebody else?

You can embrace positivity daily by photoshopping your self-image in this incredible thing called – your mind.

As it is your own mind, YOU can create the very BEST positive self-image of you.

  • Use your mental photoshopping skills to visualize a positive self-image of you daily,
  • If possible – write down what you’re seeing in your mind.

Why?

Writing the positive image you are thinking and visualizing, on pen & paper helps cement it in your mind.

Once, you develop visualizing a positive self-image – you should start to —

2. Listen to your inner voice

You have to know what you are saying to yourself.

That is the key to having positivity no matter what. You might not be conscious of this hidden enemy that might be lurking inside.

If your inner voice or thoughts about yourself are mostly critical, you likely have a negative attitude.

You might not be consciously aware of this inner critic inside you. Learn to differentiate your subconscious mind from the conscious mind.

  • Are your thoughts positive or negative?
  • What are the patterns or tendencies of your thoughts?

Once, you are conscious of your internal dialogue, you can change it from a negative critical voice to a positive encouraging one.

How?

By —

3. Affirming yourself increases positivity

By practicing positive thought patterns (POSITIVE AFFIRMATIONS) repetitively, you can train your brain towards positivity.

As you affirm positive thoughts daily, you flood your brain with the exact same thoughts.

Here is an example: My heart is overflowing with joy when I write this article.

You must speak out loudly and repeatedly to encourage & uplift yourself.

Why repeatedly?

Because your brain is a creature of habit. As you positively affirm yourself in the PRESENT TENSE, your brain strengths those connections every time you repeat the thought & action.

If you don’t consciously decide to positively affirm yourself, your brain will pick up on any available influence.

For this to work permanently, you need to understand that—

4. You have the sole responsibility for keeping your attitude from being on a roller coaster

As all of us are uniquely different, we allow the circumstances of life to determine our attitude in our own unique way.

If you decide before-hand that positivity is going to triumph over anything else, then you have a more chance of life paying you greater dividends.

The alternative is shockingly disheartening. There are innumerable issues that present themselves every day that conspire to pollute your positivity.

Do you want examples?

  • The traffic you encounter on the drive to work,
  • Rude customers,
  • Money troubles,
  • Unhappy employees,
  • Etc.

Positivity, then, is a personal decision to believe the BEST about yourself and your dreams. Maintaining it isn’t always easy.

Having an emotional back-up is advantageous for embracing positivity. And it is called —

5. Work hard at feeling good about yourself

How you feel about yourself has a tremendous impact on your positivity. Your view of yourself creates the basis for your attitude.

YOU are a unique & valuable person. You deserve to feel good about yourself. As positivity is a natural extension of your view of yourself, you should get on a regular program of exercise and eat a proper diet.

Why?

Because positivity and your physical shape are directly related.

  • The better the physical shape you are in, the easier it is for you to feel good about yourself.

You are much more than you realize. You just have to do one thing in order not to corrupt your positivity. And that is —

6. Surround yourself with a supporting squad

It is a fact that most of us adopt and reflect the attitudes of those with whom we associate regularly.

It is not enough that you have a tremendous positivity & you unlearn the negative thoughts daily.

You should also avoid those who tend to trigger your negative thinking. You must be zealous in choosing your own relationships.

Why?

They have a tremendous effect on your personal attitude. Have no association with those people who leave you feeling drained & their very nature leaves you with less air in your balloon than when you first got together.

The truth is, you can’t afford to be around people who drain your energy if you expect to create and maintain positivity. You have to choose your battles that are worthy of your time & your character.

Conclusion

If we develop certain tactics to embrace positivity and practice them in our daily life, we will have a strong weapon that can BEAT every negativity that exists in life.

Just like lightning strikes the lightning rod, we will be hit with negativity in life. The 6 most effective tactics to embrace positivity are the soldiers that make us STAND ON POSITIVITY.

Author Bio

My name is Banchiwosen Woldeyesus. I am an Ethiopian.

I am a Blogger, a Motivational Trainer in the field of Personal Development and an international distributor for an international company. I am also a Health Enthusiast and Positivity Addict.

I currently run a blog called banchiinspirations which is dedicated to inspirations in every walk of life.

I blog at https://banchiinspirations.com

Feel free to connect with me on my social accounts: Twitter, LinkedIn

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